Aa (Alertness). The elevation that the examinee obtained on the Attention Scale showed that he/she answered many of those items in the wrong direction. This scale is made of items that are indisputably true or false, such as ‘I am a human being’. The elevation the examinee obtained may indicated that he/she was not paying attention when he/she completed the test, or could not understand the test items well enough to answer them meaningfully.
Ac (Comprehension). The elevation the examinee obtained on the Comprehension Scale showed that he/she did not answer enough of those items correctly. This scale checks the examinee’s vocabulary, his/her acquaintance with the words that are used by the questionnaire. The examinee’s score could mean that he/she has a very limited vocabulary, low intellectual ability, or an insufficient command of the language. People can also elevate this scale by not paying enough attention while completing the test. The finding suggests that the examinee could not process the test items well enough to answer the questionnaire in a meaningful manner.
Ad (Defensiveness). Judging by the score the examinee obtained on the Defensiveness scale (Ad), he/she answered the questionnaire in a guarded and unrevealing manner. Elevations on this scale may also point to perfectionistic tendencies, a lack of awareness, or an inability to disclose.
Ai (Inconsistency). The examinee answered the EAS in an inconsistent manner, sometimes claiming to have a particular attribute while denying the same attribute shortly thereafter. This inconsistency may have been due to his/her not paying enough attention, not understanding the questions, or having trouble judging if an item was true or false.
An (Negative Impression). The elevation of the Negative Image Scale indicates that the examinee endorsed many items of relatively high severity. One possibility is that the examinee is having many emotional problems so that the high endorsement of relatively severe items is a true reflection of what he/she is experiencing. Some individuals elevating this scale, however, are invested in looking their worst. They may be interested in appearing flawed or disturbed. Such people typically claim to have many difficulties, perhaps more troubles that would be obvious to the people around them.
Ap (Positive Impression). The elevation of the Positive Image Scale indicates that the examinee was invested in looking his/her best at the time of the testing. Similar individuals are more interested in presenting a good façade than in revealing a true picture of themselves. Outside of the testing, they may be reluctant to discuss any issues that, in their mind, would make them appear flawed or imperfect. Such people typically deny having difficulties, even when their troubles may be obvious to people around them. When they admit having a problem, the problem is blamed on an external source, or on an element that the person does not see as being under his/her control, such as a medical illness.
Ae (Extremeness). The elevation of the Extremeness Scale indicates that the examinee endorsed many unusual items, typically items that imply a high level of severity. The examinee endorsed more of these items than what is usual, even for emotionally disturbed individuals. One possibility is that the examinee is having many emotional problems so that the high endorsement of relatively severe items is a true reflection of what he/she is experiencing. Some individuals elevating this scale, however, took the questionnaire with the mind set of looking their worst. They may be interested in appearing flawed or disturbed. Such people typically claim to have many difficulties, more troubles than what would be seen by the people around them.